Part I Listening Comprehension (15 points, 1 point each)
Directions: In this section, you'll hear five short conversations. After each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and question will be read only once. Listen carefully and choose the best answer to each question.
A.Not to go shopping downtown.
B.Guard her money.
C.Look for a new wallet.
D.Not to take the train.
A.Working on an assignment together.
B.What they will do that afternoon.
C.How they will spend the weekend.
D.Returning books to the library.
A.He didn't have time to go to the movie.
B.The movie was not worth seeing.
C.The movie was inexpensive.
D.He didn't understand the movie.
A.He is doing well in the class.
B.The book is confusing.
C.The lecture is not very clear.
D.The lecture are from the book.
A.The man used to be unhealthy.
B.The man is handsome.
C.The man ate a lot every day.
D.The man has become a better person.
5.There are several ways in which Americans 【B1】 customs are different from those in other parts of the world. A guest invited to dinner is 【B2】 to arrive on time. The use of the knife and fork is often different. The fork is used mostly in the right hand. It 【B3】 the food without help from the knife, which is 【B4】 used only to cut meat or potatoes, and is placed to the right of the plate when in use . And while in many places the napkin(餐巾) is put around the neck, here it is put on the lap. Finally, when Americans eat certain foods, they use their 【B5】.For example, at picnics they eat chicken, pizzas, and so on with their hands only.
二、2.Vocabulary and Structure
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (20 points, 1 point each)
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are choices marked A, B,C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single line through the center.
0. A smart appearance makes a______ impression at an interview.
1. It is recommended that passengers______ smoke during the flight.
2. The price of beer ______ from 50 cents to $4 per liter during the summer season.
3. As we all know, fresh air, nutritious food and exercise______ to better health.
4. He failed in this exam, ______ proves that he wasn't working hard enough.
5. ______ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.
6. After the flood. the villagers are trying their best to get thing back to______.
7. The murderer was brought in, with his hands______ behind his back.
C.to be tied
8. To be frank, I really prefer the former program to the______.
9. We received 400 applications______ the job.
10. This hotel______ $60 for a single room with bath.
11. ______ the content is concerned, the book is worth reading.
A.As long as
B.As far as
C.As well as
D.As good as
12. He hoped the firm would______ him to the Paris branch.
13. Not only you and I but Peter, the top student in our grade, ______ not able to solve the problem.
14. You should have to______ your way of thinking to the new life style.
15. Only when he had done it______ that he had made a mistake.
A.he then realized
C.did he realize
D.before he realize
16. The European Union countries were once worried that they would not have ______ supplies of petroleum.
17. This is______ the first time you have been late.
A.by all means
B.by no means
C.in some cases
D.in any case
18. Not having a good command of English can be a serious______ preventing you from achieving your goals.
19. He thinks he is superior______ his classmates because his father is an important person.
Part III Reading Comprehension
0.Section A (30 points, 2 points each)
Directions: This part is to test your reading ability.There are 3 tasks for you to fulfill. You should read the materials carefully and do the tasks as you are instructed.
Most of us grow up taking certain things for granted. We tend to assume that experts and religious leaders tell us 'the truth'. We tend to believe that thing advertised on television or in newspapers can't be bad for us.
However, encouragement of critical thinking in students is one of the goals of most colleges and universities. Few professors require students to share the professors' own beliefs. In general, professors are more concerned that students learn to question and critically examine the arguments of others, including some of their own beliefs or values. This does not mean that professors insist that you change your beliefs, either. It does mean, however, professors will usually ask you to support the views you express in class or in your writing.
If your premises(前提)are shaky, or if your arguments are not logical, professors personally point out the false reasoning in your arguments. Most professors want you to learn to recognize the premises of your arguments, to examine whether you really accept these premises, and to understand whether or not you draw logical conclusions. Put it this way: Professors don't tell you what to think; they try to teach you how to think.
On the other hand, if you intend to disagree with your professors in class, you should be prepared to offer a strong argument in support of your ideas. Argument just for the sake of arguing usually does not promote a critical examination of ideas. Many professors interpret it as rudeness.
In the first paragraph the writer tries to tell us that people______.
A.easily accept certain things without a second thought
B.grow up through learning certain things in life
C.are forming their views during their growth
D.have strong beliefs in authorities while getting old
Nowadays, most colleges and universities encourage students to______.
B.share professors beliefs
C.give their own ideas
D.change their own beliefs
The word 'shaky' (line 1, para. 3) most probably means'______'.
To help students develop their critical thinking, professors mainly teach them
A.choice of their premises
B.the way to think independently
C.skills of drawing conclusions
D.different kinds of argument
According to the writer, the right way to argue is to______.
A.argue mainly for the sake of arguing
B.prove it with a good conclusion
C.support your idea with sound reasoning
D.examine others' ideas critically
5.It would be difficult to have a society like ours without public goods such as defense, transportation, and other services.
A public good is one that a person can use without reducing the use of it for another person. One of the best example of a public good is national defense. One person can benefit form. our national defense without reducing another person's benefits. In fact, it is difficult to keep any person in our society from enjoying the benefits of national defense.
The market system does not work well in producing public goods. This is because a person who refuses to pay for a public good cannot be kept from using it. Suppose that the neighbors in a high crime area decide to hire a police force. Each neighbor, except Mrs. Smith, agrees to pay $100 a year for it. Mrs. Smith refuses to pay because she knows that if all the others pay the $100, the police will guard the area anyway. So Mrs. Smith can enjoy the services of the police force without paying $100.
The market system has no way to deal with this type of problem. For this reason, we cannot ask each person to make a direct payment in the form. of product price. Therefore, we collect money for public goods by using taxes.
According to the passage, public goods are______.
A.services enjoyed by all people
B.what we can buy and sell in public
C.products that we make for national defense
D.taxes paid by the people involved
The writer gives the example of national defense in paragraph 2 in order to show that______.
A.there will be no safety if there is no national defense
B.all the people should be responsible for national defense
C.a public good is a shared benefit for the whole society
D.some public goods are more important than others
The person who does not pay for a public good______.
A.keeps himself from using its benefit
B.cannot enjoy its benefit at any time
C.fails to keep its benefit from being used
D.enjoys its benefit all the same
In the third paragraph the author explains______.
A.what role the market system plays in producing public goods
B.how weak the market system is in producing public goods
C.why some people refuse to pay for public goods
D.what we can do not make use of the market system
From the passage we learn that the purpose of collecting taxes is to______.
A.ensure the continuous supply of public goods
B.reduce the difference between the rich and the poor
C.get extra money to support public goods
D.remind people of their duty
10.Our environment is getting worse and worse with the increase of the world population, which affects the environment in two ways. Firstly, the limited energy resources will be used up much faster. Secondly, the increasing population creates more pollution, another severe problem that needs to be solved: Both problems are long-term ones because actions taken now show their results slowly over many years. They are also urgent because delays in action can lead to great suffering and social problems. The question seems to be difficult to handle for most people. However, a person can be a protector of environment in everyday life if he takes actions to save the environment right now. With the development of technology, cars make transportation easier and quicker than before, but we can't ignore the disadvantages brought to us by more and more cars in use. For example, we are consuming gasoline(汽油), which is a non-renewable (无法更新的)resource, and will soon be gone. Moreover, the exhausted gas from cars pollutes our air, and our health is therefore threatened by air pollution, which has a big potential effect on our daily life. So we can consider walking, taking buses, carpooling(合用汽车) instead of driving cars alone. This seems to be a very slow process that can't be so effective if it's taken by a single person. But when more and more people become aware of the importance and positively take it as their personal responsibilities, the condition of the air will be improved to a great extent.
According to the writer, the main problem to our environment today is______.
A.the increase of population
B.the limited energy resources
C.the more serious air pollution
D.the development of technology
From the passage, we can know that______.
A.effective measures can be taken mainly by the government
B.taking measures now can soon improve the environment
C.immediate measures can cause great suffering and social problems
D.every single person's action has some effect on environment protection
The author's main purpose in writing this passage is most probably to______.
A.complain about people's slow actions to protect the environment
B.advise people to take actions to protect the environment
C.show himself to be an active environment protector
D.point out the bad effects of technologies on protecting environment
The author believes that carpooling______.
A.can give help to those without cars
B.can save people money and time
C.can save energy resources and reduce air pollution
D.can promote friendship among drivers
The passage is mainly about______.
A.energy resources saving
15.Section B (5points, 1 points each)
Directions: In this task, there is a passage with 5 questions (51 through 55). Read the passage carefully. Then answer the question in the fewest possible words. The answer should be written after the corresponding numbers on the Answer Sheet.
After a serious consideration, I have made a definite decision to resign from the department, effective on December 31. I think you will readily understand my decision in view of my personal financial problems. I feel that greater opportunities would be available to me to cope with these problems in some other companies.
My three-year working with you and my colleagues has been very pleasant and has provided a great challenge. 1 enjoyed working with you, and I regret very much the necessity of leaving the department only because of my extreme economic pressures.
Before my leaving, I will certainly help you train the person you select to fill my position. If at any future time a problem should arise, I shall be happy to assist in any way I can.
Why does the man resign from the department?
When will the man stop working in the department?
How long has the man worked in the department?
What win the man do for the person that the manager selects to fill his position?
What kind of impression does the department make on Mr. Li ?
Part IV Translation (20 points, 2 points each)
Directions: The translation should be written after the corresponding numbers on the Answer Sheet.
Directions: Translate the following English into Chinese. (10 points)
His ignorance of the company's financial situation resulted in his failure to take effective measures.
1. Although some areas suffered from serious natural disasters, the total grain output was higher than that of last year.
2. Pessimistic forecasts say that there is only enough coal for 450 years, enough natural gas for 50 years and that oil might run out in 30 years.
3. For one reason or another, all countries impose trade barriers on certain goods crossing their borders.
4. Every employer wants and needs employees who can suggest improvements in an honest and constructive manner.
Directions: Translate the following Chinese into English. (10 points)
Part V Writing (10 points)
0. This part is to test your ability to do writing. You are required to write a business letter according to the following information given in Chinese. You should write no less than 80 words on the Composition Sheet.
说明：以Daniel Trade公司市场部经理李华的身份于6月15日给John Holland先生写一封催款信，信中应当包括以下内容：