1.Vegetable gardening is the relaxing art and science of turning a love for growing plants into a meaningful activity. Having vegetables in the backyard makes home gardening appealing for many people. In addition, vegetable gardening provides exercise and fun for both urban and suburban families.
Vegetable gardeners agree that many home-grown vegetables are superior to those purchased from markets. From spring through late fall, a well-planned and well-kept garden can provide a supply of fresh vegetables, thus increasing the nutrition of the family diet.
Freezers make it possible to keep some of the vegetables to be enjoyed at a later date. Other vegetables can be stored for a few months in a cool area.
Although the money spent for a garden may be little, one cannot escape the fact that gardening requires hard work and time. Many of the gardening tasks must be performed at times that are most inconvenient. Not doing jobs that should be done on a regular basis may result in failure and a negative feeling toward gardening.
One should not plant a garden that is too large for him to care for. A small, well-kept garden is more enjoyable and profitable than a large neglected one. Vegetables do well in full sunlight and need at least five or six hours of sun during the middle of the day. Too much shading results in poor plants and few vegetables. If possible, the garden should be near the house, so the gardener can work in it whenever they are free.
Soils for vegetables should be easily broken up and porous (多孔的) for quick water drainage and good aeration(透气). Usually the home owner has little choice in the type he can choose.
Fortunately, many vegetables can be grown on poor soils if the soils are properly prepared.
Many people find home gardening______.
A.expensive and boring
B.interesting and enjoyable
C.time consuming and inconvenient
D.neither interesting nor enjoyable
A well-planned and well-kept garden can provide a supply of fresh vegetables______.
A.all year round
B.whenever you need nutritious food
C.for a greater part of the year
The amount of money you spend on your garden______.
A.can be large
B.must be large
C.can not be large
D.must not be small
Which of the following statements is true?
A.Vegetables need to have as much shading as possible.
B.A small garden is much better than a large one.
C.Homeowners can freely choose the soil for their vegetable garden.
D.Whenever possible, the vegetable garden should be close to your home.
From the passage we can conclude that______.
A.vegetables need little care while growing
B.vegetables can be grown on almost any kind of soil
C.vegetable gardening is an indispensable part of life for urban and suburban people
D.vegetable gardening is a good pastime for retired people
7.In old days, when a glimpse of stocking was looked upon as something so shocking as to distract the serious work of an office, secretaries were men.
Then came the First World War and the male secretaries were replaced by women. A man's secretary became his personal servant, in charge of remembering his wife's birthday and buying her presents; taking his suits to the dry-cleaners; telling lies on the telephone to keep away people he did not wish to speak to; and, of course, typing and filing and taking shorthand.
Now all this may be changing again. The microchip(芯片) and high technology is sweeping the British office, taking with it much of the routine clerical(文书的) work that secretaries did.
'Once office technology takes over generally, the status of the job will rise again because it will involve the high-tech work and then men will want to do it again. '
That was said by one of the executives(male) of one of the biggest secretarial agencies in this country. What he has predicted is already under way in the U. S.
Once high technology has made the job of secretary less routine (乏味的) , will there be a male takeover? Men should be careful of thinking that they can walk right into the better jobs. There are a lot of women secretaries who will do the job as well as men—not just because they can buy negligees(妇女长睡衣) for the boss's wife, but because they are as efficient and well trained to cope with word processors and computers as men.
Before 1914 female secretaries were rare because they______.
A.were less efficient and less trained than men
B.were looked down upon by men
C.would have disturbed the other office workers
D.wore stockings and were not as serious as men
A female secretary has been expected, besides other duties, to______.
A.be her boss's memory
B.do everything her boss asks her to do
C.clean her boss's clothes
D.telephone the boss's wife
Secretaries, until recently, had to do a lot of work now done by______.
A secretary in the future will______.
A.have more work to do
B.be better paid
C.have higher status
D.have less work to do
The writer believes that before long______.
A.both men and women can act as secretaries
B.men will be better than machines
C.men will take over women's jobs as secretaries
D.women will operate most office machines
13.Humanity is a new experiment on planet Earth. For most of its history, life on Earth was restricted to the sea. Living things began to populate the land slightly over 400 million years ago. And humans have existed for no more than 3 million years.
One way to represent the evolution of life is to compress the 4. 6-billion-year history of Earth into a 1-year-long film. In such a film, Earth forms as the film begins on January 1, and through all of January and February it cools and is cratered(变成坑状) and the first oceans form. But those oceans remain lifeless until sometime in March or early April, when the first living things develop. The 4-billion-year history of Precambrian (前寒武纪) evolution lasts until the film reaches mid-November, when primitive ocean life begins to evolve into complex organisms such as trilobites(三叶虫).
If we examine the land instead of the oceans, we find a lifeless waste. But once our film shows plant and animal life on the land, about November 28, evolution proceeds rapidly. Dinosaurs, for example, appear on about December 12 and vanish by Christmas Eve, as mammals (哺乳动物) and birds flourish.
Throughout the 1 -year-run of our film there are no humans, and even during the last days of the year as the mammals rise and dominate the landscape, there are no people. On the early evening of December 31, vaguely human forms move through the grasslands, and by late evening they begin making stone tools. The Stone Age lasts until about 11:45 p. m. , and the first signs of civilization, towns and cities, do not appear until 11:54 p. m. The Christian era begins only 14 seconds before the New Year, and the Declaration of Independence is signed with one second to spare.
In comparing all of Earth's geological evolution to one calendar year, the author shows
A.just how recently humanity has arrived on the scene
B.just how simple it is to understand the history of Earth
C.just how early humanity appears on planet Earth
D.just how difficult it is to understand the history of Earth
According to the passage, primitive ocean life begins to evolve into complex organisms
A.in the middle of December
B.when Earth is cratered
C.at the beginning of November
D.when the land is still a lifeless waste
It is indicated in the passage that______.
A.Earth is cool at first
B.Earth is hot at the beginning
C.there are oceans at the beginning
D.there is life in the ocean in late February
In the 1-year-long film dinosaurs______.
A.die out on December 25
B.appear after December 25
C.die out on December 24
D.appear on December 24
In the compressed history of Earth the Declaration of Independence is signed______.
A.a long time before the New Year
B.immediately after the New Year's Day
C.just one second before the New Year
D.right on the New Year's Day
19.Internet-addicted job seekers may be partly the cause of the fact that it is taking the unemployed 23% longer to find a new position than it took during the last recession (经济萧条) , when the 'benefits' of online job searching were unavailable. 'A growing number of unemployed Americans waste time browsing(浏览) the estimated 4,000 to 5 ,000 online job sites, filling them with resumes, and then waiting for replies. It is common for long-time joblessness,' argues Professor John A. Challenger. Although the Internet has the potential to be very useful for job seekers and it has become the primary tool for many, Challenger believes that it should be considered secondary to the traditional technique of meeting would be employers in person.
In addition to slowing job search efforts, the Internet is making the hiring process longer for the employer. In a survey of 5,000 hiring managers by an online resume site, 72% said that a majority of the resumes they received in response to an online job posting did not match the position's description.
'The more unrelated resumes managers have to go through in order to select the few to bring in for interviews, the longer it takes to fill the position,' points out Challenger. ' One result of this has been the increased use of screening software by employers. This will make it even more difficult for job seekers to get their resumes in front of the hiring executive for an interview. '
' All of this is not to say that the Internet has not revolutionized job hunting. It has certainly made it easier for someone in San Francisco, for example. , to search for job openings in Miami. In addition, the ability to conduct keyword searches has reduced the amount of time it takes to find the type of position a person is seeking. '
' Job seekers must learn how to use the Internet as a tool, rather than just relying on it as a means for submitting electronic resumes. ' concludes Challenger.
According to the passage, the coming of online job searching brings______.
A.longer waiting time for the unemployed
B.longer computer technology training for the job seekers
C.more unemployment throughout the USA
D.more job opportunities in the Internet world
Professor Challenger thinks ______ should be considered more important by the unemployed.
A.browsing the Internet job sites
B.sending resumes by e-mail
C.going to a traditional training center
D.meeting the potential employers in person
The Internet is making the hiring process longer for the employer because______.
A.the speed of the Internet is not fast enough
B.there is a lot of false information on the Net
C.the hiring position cannot be fully described on the Net
D.it has drawn many unfitting resumes
It can be inferred that 'screening software' in Paragraph 3 is used to______.
A.draw more job seekers to the websites
B.get rid of some unrelated resumes
C.serve as a bridge between the job seekers and the employers
D.provide the job seekers with more chances to visit the employers in person
According to the passage, the Internet has revolutionized job hunting by______.
A.changing the recession cycle
B.opening more chances for job seekers
C.improving the reemployment situation
D.reducing the interview time
二、2.Vocabulary and Structure
0. The earth revolves a little more rapidly______it is closer to the sun.
1. The number of members in the club______to two hundred.
2. On close examination, we found the signature not______.
3. As a highly______young designer, she has a promising future in her field.
4. Let me give you a______of how the computer works.
5. An author must not be too______to criticism.
6. Fu Lei is known for his______of music and knowledge on philosophy.
7. The judge dismissed the case because there was not______evidence.
8. Much to my surprise, they went away without telling us their______address.
9. Instead of going into details about his project, he spoke______.
10. My book is______finished; I have only a few changes to make in the writing.
11. The amount of water used in the manufacturing process is enormous, but the amount wasted is______.
12. The______was conducted to find out how many people prefer butter.
13. Many university courses are not really ______ to the needs of students or their future employers.
14. ______David's expression, we'd say he is not in a good mood today.
A.To judge by
C.To be judged by
15. It is not considered______to litter in public.
16. He was______of his political rights because of the bribery.
17. His description of the ghost was so______that his little daughter screamed when he came to the part of killing.
18. I thought his speech would be interesting, but it turned out that the more he talked,
A.the more bored became I
B.the more I became bored
C.the more bored I became
D.I became the more bored
19. You have to take the______examination before an interview can be considered.
20. Many writers ______ their childhood memories for the materials of most of their stories.
21. Unless you have a good map, this place is very difficult to______.
22. In Scotland, as in the rest of the United Kingdom, ______schooling begins at age 5 and ends at age 1
23. ______the rain, we should have had a pleasant trip to the countryside.
24. When confronted with such an urgency, my mind goes______, and I can hardly remember my own date of birth.
25. Horseback riding______both the skill of handling a horse and mastery of diverse riding styles.
26. I was______the chance of going to university when my parents' business collapsed and they lost everything they owned.
27. The fried fish we ate at the restaurant yesterday is marvelous. I'd like to have it again even if it costs______.
A.as twice much
B.twice as much
C.much as twice
D.as much twice
28. There has been a______for industry to be constructed in a single region, instead of being scattered evenly over the whole country.
29. The final document was supposed to mend the damage ______upon the world by the war.
30. If you______your friends, you may lose them.
31. I don't know whether he is______to special treatment just because of his rank.
32. ______too much to do, they have to keep themselves busy all day long.
33. The bank refused to ______ him any money, so he had to postpone buying a house.
34. Air pollution, together with overpopulation, ______ many problems in big cities today.
A.are causing -
35. You can hire a bicycle in many places. Usually you'll have to pay a______.
36. She has no idea of what the book is about. She______have read it very carefully.
37. It may be necessary to stop ______ in the learning process and go back to the difficult points in the lesson.
A.at a distance
38. I think I______the movie we went to last night even more if I had read the book.
B.would have enjoyed
39. No sooner______begun to speak than some noise arose from the audience.
1.We got up early this morning and 【61】 a long walk after breakfast. We walked through the business 【62】 of the city. The city 【63】 larger than I thought it would be. Well, the business section is smaller than I thought it would be. I suppose that's 【64】 Washington is a special kind of city. 【65】 of the people in Washington work for the government.
At about 9:30 we went to the White House. It's 【66】 the public from 10 【67】 12, and there was a long line of people 【68】 to get in. We didn't have to wait very long, because the line moved 【69】 quickly.
The White House is really white. It is painted every year. And it seems very white, because it's got beautiful lawns 【70】 around it, with many trees and shrubs. The grounds 【71】 about four square blocks. I mean, they're about two blocks long 【72】 each side.
Of course, we didn't see the whole building. The part 【73】 the President lives and works is not open to the public. But the part we saw was beautiful. We went 【74】 five of the main rooms. One of them was the library on the ground floor. On the next floor, there are three rooms named 【75】 the colors that are used in them: the Red Room, the Blue Room, and the Green Room. The walls are covered with silk 【76】 There are 【77】 of old furniture from the time 【78】 the White House was 【79】 built. And everywhere there are paintings and statues of former presidents and 【80】 famous people from history.
Directions: Translate the following English into Chinese.
0. Vegetable gardeners agree that many home-grown vegetables are superior to those purchased from markets. (Line 1, Paragraph 2, Passage 1)
1. One should not plant a garden that is too large for him to care for. ( Line 1, Paragraph 5, Passage 1)
2. There are a lot of women secretaries who will do the job as well as men. (Line 3, Paragraph 5 , Passage 2)
3. But those oceans remain lifeless until sometime in March or early April, when the first living things develop. (Line 3, Paragraph 2, Passage 3)
4. Job seekers must learn how to use the Internet as a tool, rather than just relying on it as a means for submitting electronic resumes. (Line 1, Last Paragraph, Passage 4)
Directions: Translate the following Chinese into English.
0. In this part you are required to write an essay about how your daily schedule has changed since you became a college student. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: