0. Water is______short in many big cities.
1. Excuse me for______you with such a small matter.
2. This morning' our water supply was______because of the cold weather.
3. The market was filled with salted fish, ______the worst smell that you can imagine.
4. It was because the applicant was too proud______he failed in the interview.
5. Tom used to live in California, ______?
6. So far there is no proof______people from other planets do exist.
7. Never before______so highly successful in changing his surroundings.
A.man has been
C.has man been
8. ______ from the helicopter, the city looks very beautiful.
9. The newspapers reported yesterday several______on the boundaries of these two countries.
10. Some of the students in his class seem______to do their assignments.
11. Let's work hard to find______to the problem.
12. They have developed; techniques which are______to those used in most factories.
13. At the beginning of this term, our English teacher______a list of books for us to read.
14. I'm sorry I have______dictionary. You'd better go to the library.
B.not such a
C.not a such
D.no such a
15. If Mary had not been badly hurt in a car accident, she______in last month's mara-thon race.
C.would have participated
16. Excuse me, but it is time to have your temperature______.
17. Liquids are like solids______they have a definite volume.
18. When a friend gave Jim a ticket to the game, he______go.
B.cannot do but
C.couldn't help but
D.just have to
19. I was surprised to find his article on such an______topic so______.
20. Tom likes______foreign coins.
21. Luckily, most sheep______the flood last month.
22. They thought about the problem for a long time but came to no______.
23. The real trouble_____their lack of confidence in their abilities.
24. The story was so funny that everyone______.
25. He______me by two games to one.
26. ______, the next problem was how to make a good plan.
A.Having made the decision
B.Has the decision been made
C.The decision having been made
D.The decision has been made
27. The brain is capable of ignoring pain messages if______to concentrate on other activities.
C.is it allowed
28. The child was sorry______his mother when he arrived at the station.
D.to havc missed
29. There is no point______with him, since he has already made up his mind.
1.There is a time when, if a lady got onto a crowded bus or train, a gentleman would immediately stand up and【31】her his seat. No more, though. Today a gentleman will probably look out of the window, or, if he feels a bit guilty, hide behind his newspaper. Either way, the lady will have to stand【32】someone else gets off.
You can't entirely【33】men for this change in manners, though. The days are gone when women could be referred to【34】the weaker sex without causing【35】. A whole generation of women has grown up demanding【36】with men, not just equality in jobs or education, 【37】in social attitudes. Hold a door open for some women and you are【38】to get an angry lecture on treating women as inferiors, unable to open doors for【39】Take a girl out for a meal and she' 11 probably【40】on paying her share of the bill, though on【41】thoughts perhaps that's not such a bad idea.
It's no wonder, then, that men have given up some of the automatic gestures of politeness and【42】which they used to show towards women. On the other【43】, automatically made politeness is perhaps slowly being【44】by true consideration for the needs and feelings of women, so that men can see women as equal human beings, 【45】than as sex-objects or attractive properties.
1.The motor vehicle has killed and disabled more people in its brief history than any bomb or weapon ever invented. Much of the blood on the street flows essentially from uncivil behavior. of drivers who refuse to respect the legal and moral rights of others. So the massacre(大屠杀) on the road may be regarded as a social problem. In fact, the enemies of society on wheels are rather harmless people, just ordinary people acting carelessly, you might say. But it is a principle both of law and common morality that carelessness is no excuse when one's actions could bring death or damage to others.
Researchers have estimated that as many as 80 percent of all automobile accidents can be attributed to the psychological condition of the driver. Emotional upsets can distort drivers'reactions, slow their judgments, and blind them to dangers that might otherwise be evident. The experts warn that it is vital for every driver to make a conscious effort to keep one's emotions under control.
Yet the irresponsibility that accounts for much of the problem is not confined to drivers. Street walkers regularly violate traffic regulations. They are at fault in most vehicle walker accidents. And many cyclists even believe that they are not subject to the basic rules of the road.
Significant legal advances have been made towards safer driving in the past few years. Safety standards for vehicle have been raised both at the point of manufacture and through periodic road-worthiness inspections. In addition, speed limits have been lowered. Due to these measures, the accident rate has deceased. But the accident experts still worry because there has been little or no improvement in the way drivers behave. The only real and lasting solution, say the experts, is to convince people that driving is a skilled task requiring constant care and concentration. Those who fail to do all these things present a threat to those with whom they share the roadside.
What is the author's main purpose in writing the passage?
A.To show that the motor vehicle is a very dangerous invention.
B.To promote understanding between careless drivers and street walker.
C.To discuss traffic problems and propose possible solution.
D.To warn drivers of the importance of safe driving.
According to the passage, traffic accidents may be regarded as a social problem because______.
A.autos have become most destructive to mankind
B.people usually pay little attention to law and morality
C.civilization brings much harm to people
D.the lack of virtue is becoming more severe
Why does the author mention the psychological condition of the driver in Paragraph 2?
A.To give an example of the various reasons for road accidents.
B.To show how important it is for drivers to be emotionally healthy.
C.To show some of the inaccurate estimations by researchers.
D.To illustrate the hidden tensions in the course of driving.
Who are NOT mentioned as being responsible for the road accidents?
B.Irresponsible manufactures of automobiles.
D.Mindless people walking in the street.
Which of the following best reflects the author's attitude toward a future without traffic accident problems?
A.Happy and rather confident.
B.Surprised and very pleased.
C.Disappointed and deeply worried.
D.Doubtful yet still longing for.
7.The often criticized child of the industrial age, advertising, has grown as societies have become more industrialized and, therefore, more commercialized. No modern industry or company can survive without advertising. It is the vital link between the producer and the customer. If advertising were abolished, as many people have suggested it should be, the public and the companies that advertise would suffer a considerable loss.
Most people think of television as an inexpensive source of entertainment. Television 's primary purpose, however, is not to provide an entertainment service, except for government-owned network, it exists in order to promote products for companies. Unless the television industry received income from advertising, watching television would be at least as expensive as going to the movies.
Like television, many magazines and newspapers exist primarily to sell products. In some sensitive cases, the stories, pictures, and editorials simply attract people to buy a particular publication. Once a person begins to read, there is no escaping the advertising.
Advertising not only pays for, or helps pay for, much of the mass media; it also provides the consumer with news from industry. This news functions first to influence the buyers to choose one product over another. It also informs people of new products what are important in their lives, for example, the development of salt-free butter for heart patients, or the development of tires that prevent skidding(刹车打滑) on wet pavement.
Advertising does not usually increase the total number of products sold; it does help determine which company sells more of which products. Its main function is to relay news from the manufacture to the consumer. Since this is a necessary service, advertising will remain a part of people's everyday live and a part of every company's budget.
According to the passage, modern industry or company can survive ______.
A.if advertising continues to exist
B.if the link between the customers and manufacturers remains good
C.if 'the criticized child' dies out
D.if societies have become more industrialized
From the passage, we may figure out that' vital' in line 3, paragraph 1 means ______.
According to the passage, the main purpose of television industry is ______.
A.to make money from customers
B.to advertise for companies
C.to provide entertainment service
D.to persuade people to buy new types of television
The main function of advertising is ______.
A.promoting products for companies
B.informing public of new products
D.all of the above
Which of the following is NOT true about advertising?
A.Advertising does not always increase the sales.
B.Advertising serves to relay information from buyers to producers.
C.Advertising is and will continue to be a necessary part of everyday lives.
D.It is suggested that advertising should be abolished.
13.According to airline industry statistics, almost 90% of airline accidents are not survivable or partially survivable. But passengers can increase their chances of survival by learning and following certain tips. Experts say that you should read and listen to safety instructions before takeoff and ask question if you have uncertainties. You should fasten your seat belt low on your hips and as possible. Of course, you should also know how the release mechanism of your belt operates. During takeoffs and landings you are advised to keep your feet flat on the floor. Before takeoff you should locate the nearest exit and an alternative exit and count the rows of seats between you and the exits so that you can find them in the dark if necessary.
In the event that you are forewarned of a possible accident, you should put your hands on your ankles and keep your head down until the plane comes to a complete stop. If smoke is present in the cabin, you should keep your head low and cover your face with napkins, towels, or clothing. If possible, wet these for added protection against smoke inhalation. To evacuate as quickly as possible, follow crew commands and do not take personal belongings with you. Do not jump on escape slides before they are fully inflated, and when you jump, do so with your arms and legs extended in front of you. When you get to the ground, you should move away from the plane as quickly as possible, and never smoke near the wreckage.
According to the experts, when should travelers read and listen to safety instructions?
B.In an emergency.
C.Throughout the flight.
Which exits suggested in the passage should an airline passenger locate before takeoff?
A.The ones that can be found in the dark.
B.The two closest to the passenger's seat.
C.The ones at the back of the plane.
D.The nearest one.
Judging from the passage, people have more chances to survive fires in aircraft if they______.
A.fasten their seat belt tightly
B.read airline safety statistics before takeoff
C.keep their feet flat on the floor
D.keep their heads low
Airline passengers are specifically told NOT to______.
A.ask question about safety during the flight
B.jump in any circumstances
C.carry personal belongings in an emergency
D.locate the nearest exit
What is the main purpose of the passage?
A.To please travelers.
B.To give the information of airline industry statistics.
C.To guide people to survive fires.
D.To provide safety advice.
19.Most of our young people today pass through the portals (人口) of school and life without any definite idea of career. Perhaps they are too young and inexperienced to think about the life they would face and a career they must choose as a means of livelihood. However, it is inevitable that someday he has to make his choice by himself. It is important to choose a career for which one has an aptitude. In this case a person can quickly get trained in that particular field or line. This would also save a lot of time and money. Take, for instance, a boy who is mathematically inclined. He should opt for careers like engineering, physics or accountancy. The career in mind should also suit his temperament, ability and talent. Only then can he be sure of choosing a career that he would like and enjoy. He can then employ his talent and ability to achieve success and prosperity. Thus the person choosing his or her career should make a careful study of what he wants, his interests, his talents, his limitations and his obligations.
A person may also be influenced by parents in choosing a career. This should not be encouraged. The person concerned should try to reason out his viewpoint with his parents. Only then would he not suffer the consequences of frustration, disappointment or misery in a career that does not suit him. It pays to have some ideas of how to choose a career. A good career guidance teacher or course would help. However, the main decision usually rests with the person concerned.
What is this passage about?
In choosing a career, one may consult the opinion of his______.
The phrase'opt for'in line 7 means______.
In choosing a career, one must take his______into consideration.
In choosing a satisfactory career, one must, too, take into account of other factors such as______.
Directions: Translate the following English into Chinese.
0. The experts warn that it is vital for every driver to make a conscious effort to keep one's emotions under control.
1. The only real and lasting solution, say the experts, is to convince people that driving is a skilled task requiring constant care and concentration.
2. If advertising were abolished, as many people have suggested it should be, the public and companies that advertise would suffer a considerable loss.
3. Advertising does not usually increase the total number of products sold; it does help determine which company sells more of which products.
4. Before takeoff you should locate the nearest exit and an alternative exit and count the rows of seats between you and the exits so that you can find them in the dark if necessary.
0. For this part you are to write a composition in no less than 120 words and you are required to base your composition entitled On Accessing Internet on the outlines given below in Chinese. You should write the composition in three paragraphs.